There are so many forms of Ramkatha. From the Ramayana of Adikavi Valmiki to Ramacharitmanas of Tulsidas. Apart from the Mahakavis of Sanskrit, Prakrit, Pali and other languages, folk tradition, dialects also have many forms of Ramkatha. In every Ramakatha, there is a change in narrative and interpretation.
Now film actor Ashutosh Rana has tried to interpret Ramkatha in a different way. He has tried to expand the character of the characters portrayed as villains, saying that the characters who are considered villains played an important role in making Rama The Rama.
The Ramayana, the Ramcharit Manas and the rest of the texts portray Rama's step-mother Kaikeyi and Ravana's sister Shurpanakha as the undisputed villain. But through the dialogues between Rama and Kaikeyi in this book, it is told that Rama's mother was Kaushalya but in fact it is Kaikeyi who filled Rama with feelings of life, truth, duty, responsibility.
Kaikeyi was responsible for sending Rama to exile, it is in every legend but it is told in the book that Kaikeyi was not happy with King Dasaratha's decision to hand over the throne to Rama. At one point in the book, Kaikeyi tells his servant Manthara, "Those who are born from their own womb, are they called sons?"
Motherhood is an emotional state, not a physical one. Dharana, Reason and Tarana, these three qualities in which they exist, is the mother. If Kausalya has adopted Rama in his womb, Kaikeyi has embraced Rama's inherent qualities in his mind. "
Through the question and answer between Rama and Kaikeyi, the message is given that Rama was not willing to sit on the throne, but Kaikeyi continued to insist that Rama should sit on the throne. At the same time, Rama obliged Kaikeyi to ask for his two boons from King Dasaratha and help him on his way to the forest.
By writing this incident Ashutosh breaks the myth of Kaikeyi's villain. This dialogue between Kaikeyi and Rama is said to have happened in Kaikeyi's library. Kaikeyi was aware of the fact that Saraswati resides in the library and where Saraswati resides, nothing can go unpunished.
She also says, "Rest assured, Kaikeyi had to bear the stigma for your welfare, even then Kaikeyi will not back down." Kaikeyi is called Kumata but in the book she tells Rama that she is Vimata but not Kumata.
Both are interesting in dialogues and try to understand the difference in emotions arising in humans like love, fascination, affection, motherhood, youth-old-age duties, curiosity, patience and the reality of life.
In the book, the double character of Suparna-Shurpanakha is also excluded from the image of villain like Kaikeyi's character. The Ramcharit Manas depicts the use of Shurpanakha to kill Rama and Sita.
In the book, Shurpanakha and her father Vishrava's dialogues reveal that Shurpanakha had become a factor in bringing Ravana's negative energy into contact with Rama's positive energy. Shurpanakha also says that she will be the medium for Rama's transformation from male to Narayana and the cause of brother Ravana's salvation.
His father communicated these thoughts in him. Vishrava asks him to try a war between Ravana and Rama, so that Ravana does not die but ends it. This will not fulfill the boon of immortality received by Shiva but he will remain immortal due to enmity with Rama
Not only this, the image of Ravana's wife Mandodari sympathetic to Ram has also been broken. The dialogues with Mandodari after the dealings with Shurpanakha gave Ravana the message that the woman is the form of religion and that to protect religion she must kill Rama at any cost.
Many characteristics of Ravana's brother Kumbhakarna are also mentioned in the book. Although Kumbhakarna is said to be powerful and powerful, Ashutosh has also called him a scientist. His boon of sleep for six months was the brainchild of Ravana himself, so that he could work on his scientific experiments without any disturbance.This was the reason that Kumbhakarna was sentenced to death for disturbing his sleep. The book states that what was being called Kumbhakarna during the war was actually a huge iron plant, in which Kumbhakarna used to fight.
The book also has chapters on Hanuman, Vibhishana and the festival of victory over Ravana and abandonment of Sita. For the first time in a Hindi book, easy Hindi meanings of some less common or explicit words are also given on the same page. The entire book is in pure Hindi. Only the letter sent by Shurpanakha on behalf of her husband Vidyut, uses the word Shamsheer, which is Persian.
Ramrajya is an attempt to see Ramkatha from a new angle. The effort that Ashutosh Rana has given to Kaikeyi and Shurpanakha's image will really change the image, it is a question and the reason for reading the book is also very interesting.